British Soc & Contemp Novels – Blog Post 2 (White Teeth)

Zadie Smith – White Teeth (2000)

Readings: If you can’t read the entire novel, you can skip chapters 5, 6, 7, and 10.

Blog posts due / Presentations: Thursday, April 12

Write a post here of two paragraphs (about 200 words) discussing the novel. Choose a topic, or make your post a reply to someone else’s post. Or make your own topic.

For the presentations, choose one topic per group. Your presentation must present an opinion or argument; it cannot just summarize the story. You must e-mail or speak to me before your presentation to have it approved.

  1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?
  2. What do Irie and Magid find so attractive about “Englishness”?
  3. Why is Samad so obsessed about his great-grandfather?
  4. Why do Samad’s children rebel against their father?
  5. Is Alsana just mean, or does she have a reason to dislike her husband?
  6. Why does Irie explode at the Joneses and Iqbals on the bus at the climax of the story? What is her argument?
  7. What is the meaning of the SuperMouse? What does it represent?
  8. Why do you think the author decided that Irie would never know the father of her baby? What does it mean?
  9. The fathers in this novel seem absent or weak. Why? Or do you agree?
  10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

28 thoughts on “British Soc & Contemp Novels – Blog Post 2 (White Teeth)

  1. Kim Ji Yeon

    #1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    Even though they have different nationality(Archie from British and Samad from Bangladesh),  they have a common thing that they participated in World War. So they knew each other and they became a friend of the war. After 30 years, Samad immigrated to British with his wife Alsana and tried to find his friend, who is only one Samad knows in British. After successing in finding Archie, Samad decided to live in London, where Archie lives.

    They shared some similarities that could connect the relationship between them. First one is that because they fought in World War, they often talked about the war. Samad is a person who reminds Archie of the war.
    Second thing is that they go to O’connell when they feel a sense of freedom from their house. O’connell is a place like this. Maybe O’connell could  make their friendship more tightly to them as a husband and a father of their each house. Third one is that they are fathers of thier house. They have children and they are always worried about how they make their children be grown up well in Britain.

    Reply
  2. Lee Jae up

    #10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    One of the most popular expressions describing black people is ‘White Teeth’. For a long time, ‘White Teeth’ have been used to express the eccentric characteristics of black people who are different from white people, and symbolize a representative image of the history of racism, looting and discrimination that black people have experienced.

    However, this book does not only deal with the history of ‘White Teeth’ as a history of racism. Zadie Smith described the 20th century as ‘the century of the foreigner’, and it was a time when black, white, and yellow race were a mass hybrid. It was the century when strangers had to overcome the sense of difference. The dark-skinned immigrants who represented ‘White Teeth’, are now living in a part of history with the people who hired them on their country. ‘White Teeth’, which is a disparate existence, is like new teeth in UK society, and to understand each other, the process of suffering pain and conflict was necessary like getting new teeth. It also emphasizes that this society must be enlarged to accommodate all the pain and conflict, and that we must grow up together. Metaphor on teeth can be found all over the title of the chapter.

    Reply
  3. Magali Le Corre

    Archie and Samad remain friends over the years because when they both met, they were already feeling lonely in their lives separately, and they met during World War II, which tends to be favorable to bring men close together, as they shared hard times together and experiences leaving scars forever. At that time, and considering what had happened to them during the war, they were feeling left out but at least they had each other.

    Samad only knew Archie when he first moved to England, so he needed him in a way to settle down. But I think that more than a friend, they need each other to remember their story. They seem to be stuck in the past during the whole novel, without being able to move on or understand what is happening around them, even within their own families. When they meet, it is a way to escape their reality and reconnect with the past that they cherish a lot. It is like both of them understand each other, while the others can’t. They are different, but at the same time, both of them are lost inside, not knowing how to be fathers, etc.

    Reply
  4. Daseul Jung

    1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    I think the reason Archie and Samad remain friends over the years is that they survived from the war together. In the war, a lot of people died for many reasons such as excessive bleeding, famine and dieses. It is hard to survive from whole war. Also, it is a rare case to find someone who survive from whole war. However, they overcome these two difficult situations. That is why they can be friends so far.

    As we know, Archie and Samad is different in many ways. They are different in the race, the characteristic, and even jobs. Despite of this fact, they must have communicated, interacted, and relied on each other before in the war where they survive. The experience at that time must be so painful, but precious for them. I can notice this fact because they talk about this sometimes. In addition, they meet very often without their wives. I think they just enjoy the meeting alone to talk their recent conditions – how their children grow- or trivial conversation like what they eat for lunch. In my opinion, as soon as they share this special experience, they will be going to be friends forever.

    Reply
  5. Heeran Kang

    6. Why does Irie explode at the Joneses and Iqbals on the bus at the climax of the story? What is her argument?

    “If it was not somebody’s child, could it be that it was nobody’s child?” If we didn’t have any root anywhere, would it mean that we don’t exist anywhere? Irie bursts into sudden anger on the bus, and she complains that those people exist–who do not need to ask themselves about what they are, their past, and their roots. However, it actually seems like she loses her temper as she is not aware of the root of her own child, and the only thing that she is sure about is the fact that she’ll never know about it and keep asking herself and her child about who they are.

    I think that what Irie wants to say here is that you should truly be yourself. If you have a strong religious belief, people will care about your religion. If you have solid traditions, also people will respect that they give you a sense of identity. The thing is that you do not have to say loudly about it and about your past. Therefore, she gets fed up enough of her family and the Iqbals. At the same time, it is for herself as well since she needs to stay strong while she keeps asking herself which is a source of her personal identity as a second generation, and which is the father of her fetus.

    Reply
  6. Hyejin Yoo

    Why do Samad’s children rebel against their father?

    First, Magid rebelled against his father because Samad was not a good father. He seems has a little interest in his family and often has a fight with his wife. Therefore, Magid could not respect his dad. Furthermore, Magid was sent to his dad’s country alone. Magid was never asked whether he wants to go there or not. He was just kidnapped and sent to a country where he is not familiar with. Therefore, Magid though Englishness is much better than what father wants, so he became English intellectual and didn’t become a traditional Bangladeshi.

    Second, Millat defied is father because he was always popular and didn’t want to obey his parents. Millat was a handsome, popular boy in his school. In addition, he was loved wherever he goes. He could love whomever he likes. In addition, in his family, nobody tried to make Millat a good boy or advised him to act properly. Therefore, he made friend with people in KEVIN who are really aggressive and violent, and he eventually became a boy that his parents cannot control.

    Reply
  7. HaeRi Seo

    #10. 10.Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    In my opinion, I think teeth means roots and belongings of one person in this novel. There are many characters in this story, and we can also see that all these characters have different nationalities but they’re living as one of the English. However, although these different people are living close to each other, they all have different thoughts toward it. For example, Samad is a very religious person who believes in Allah and wants his children, Magid and Millat to also learn the culture of his own. However, his young wife Alsana is also an immigrant but is different with Samad and she also doesn’t understand Samad. She always criticizes on Samad’s way of thinking. So I think the novel “White Teeth” shows the immigrants’ confusion within their national country and the country they’re actually living in, and their efforts to belong to the community.

    Reply
  8. HaeRi Seo

    10.Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    In my opinion, I think teeth means roots and belongings of one person in this novel. There are many characters in this story, and we can also see that all these characters have different nationalities but they’re living as one of the English. However, although these different people are living close to each other, they all have different thoughts toward it. For example, Samad is a very religious person who believes in Allah and wants his children, Magid and Millat to also learn the culture of his own. However, his young wife Alsana is also an immigrant but is different with Samad and she also doesn’t understand Samad. She always criticizes on Samad’s way of thinking.

    So I think the novel “White Teeth” shows the immigrants’ confusion within their national country and the country they’re actually living in, and their efforts to belong to the community.

    Reply
  9. Jaeyun Park

    #1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    I think the main reason Archie and Samad have remained friends over the years is because they have same special experience of their life. Especially, war is very exceptional experience for people. So, during the wartime, they could overcome their difference and became friends. When they were in the tank together at first, Archie and Samad felt something novel about each other. From this, I think they will be very special friends for a long time even after the war.

    Archie and Samad have racial difference. As a British and Bangladesh person, they could not help being biased against each other. But as they struggled only together, they found out what a courageous partner each other was. And when Samad talked about his great-grandfather, Archie sympathized with Samad’s comment. Samad was moved at Archie’s sympathy about his great-grandfather’s heroism over the racism. Also, I think Samad’s moving to Britain was another motive that made them remain long friends. Archie almost always think that life has deserted him. But Samad was not. He has been thought about Archie and the one who needed Archie. Maybe Archie was happy to find that someone needs and finds him.

    Reply
  10. Jeongseob Kim

    10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    White Teeth means multicultural society of Britain. We can see several confrontations with culture, idea and religion issues. In this book, British, Jamaican and Bangladesh live together. Sometimes conflict is occurred between people have different cultural and historical background and idea, and between 1st immigrants and their children. Moreover, people who have same belief gather and cause conflictions. In this book, Zadie Smith reflects her idea what modern British’s multicultural society needs to consider not only ethnics and nationalities but ideas, each backgrounds and confliction between generations.
    In this perspective, ‘White Teeth’ is one of representative expression of discrimination, at the same time, it is a common feather of all human. In addition, quoted expression at few chapters, ‘The Root Canals’ is show us where is root of some characters and what their life is quite different with the root.
    In conclusion, White Teeth is sympathy with immigrant’s pain and confusion and hope what they live with British idea and culture in harmony.

    Reply
  11. Suhyun Ji

    Q : The fathers in this novel seem absent or weak. Why? Or do you agree?

    A : Yes, I think the fathers are weak or absent and they normally didn’t speak their opinion about their children. First of all, Archie and Samad only care about the memories of World War they suffered. They can’t accept they passed a lot of time after war. Also, they only talk about ‘past’ with their children and wives even though no one cares about what they’re talking. Only Samad was a little ambitious about Magid-a son of Magid and Alsana- because of the conservative islam he believed.
    Marcus has another characteristic compared to above two fathers. But he also didn’t care about his children and left them to Joyce. He only cares about his experiment and Future house and Magid who is even not his son.

    Reply
  12. JongHoon Park

    8. Why do you think the author decided that Irie would never know the father of her baby? What does it mean?

    I think that the reason why the author sets Irie never knows the father of her baby is related to one of the themes in this novel. That is, the author intentionally shows the variability or diversity of the people from different countries or cultures. Although Magid and Millat are twins, the way each of them live is quite dissimilar. For example, Magid supports FutureMouse Project by Marcus and is hated by Millat. In contrast, Millat joins to KEVIN, which is an Islamic fundamentalist group, and is absolutely opposed to it.

    In addition, there exists characters whose the races are not the same and immigrants in this novel such as Archie and Samad. While they are trying to adapt to the new environment, they indicate their various opinions such as those about FutureMouse Project. Therefore, I think the identity of Irie’s baby is a symbol that means it can be anyone regardless of the different races, attitudes toward lives, and so on. I am not sure, but I think that this novel has that kind of element of ‘respecting diversity.’

    Reply
  13. Eunseong Yang

    #1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    Archie and Samad have some things in common with each other, but they are obviously different people. They both married very young wives and hurt their arm and leg during the war. However, they have different skin colors, different nationality, different jobs, different appearance, and most of their characteristics are dissimilar. Nevertheless, they became close enough friends to visit each other more often than their wives. How could they be so close? I think there are two reasons for that.

    First, this is because they went through the World War together a long time ago. Those who shared difficult events and periods like war have a sense of tight companionship, so to speak, solidarity. Because in such difficult circumstances, there are no one to rely on but friends or companions. So they became reliable friends with each other.

    Second, maybe it’s because they’re a nobody. I mean, they have nothing special. As they know, they have nothing to brag, so they are proud to be in the war. And they want to talk this thing the first person to introduce himself. If they had some experience to remember in their lives, they wouldn’t do it. Therefore, I think they like each other more because they can remind their proud experience when they meet and talk to each other.

    Reply
  14. Juna Lee

    6. Why does Irie explode at the Joneses and Iqbals on the bus at the climax of the story? What is her argument?

    In this scene, Irie is comparing the Joneses and Iqbals with other families. She expresses that other families are lucky because they are peaceful and quiet. She laments that they may feel the joy and freedom of life in a neutral space, but the Joneses and Iqbals are living in an endless maze of old, historical rubbishes. She also complains about the Joneses and Iqbals for repeating the same mistakes and is always angry that she is living in listening the same garbage story repeated all the time. The Joneses and Iqbals intervene children in whatever they do and they fight every day over who their children are and who they should be. On the contrary, others do not care about the useless things such as great-grandfather’s life and heroic stories, and even there are a lot of people who do not know about it. For this reason, she thinks the Joneses and Iqbals are tied up by the past and wasted time with thoughts of the past, and then on the bus she advises them that others live their lives well in thinking that their children only need to be healthy and happy.

    Irie would not have liked to be angry and argued publicly on their private stories on the bus. I think Irie has erupted her emotions piled up in the Joneses and Iqbals in this scene. Moreover, she would have been even more sensitive to this situation because she was pregnant. I also think that she was frustrated with the Joneses and Iqbals comparing the Chalfens because of their memories they had not been tied up by the old stories and the past and they were loyal to the present. In addition, the Chalfens is natural and free in communication between the parents and children, and Marcus and Joyce have a happy marriage, while the Joneses and Iqbals have no communication with each other. We also cannot find Archie and Clara’s physical affection at all. Besides, I thought Irie wanted to live in a British way, but because the Joneses and Iqbals tended to cling to their own country’s traditions, religions and cultures she lived in such pressure, so she has erupted her emotions on the bus, overlapping all the negatives in this situation.

    Reply
  15. Yoo Se Dong

    How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    Archie is from Britain, but Samad is from Bangladeshi. Culturally and ethnically they are whole different from each other. But they remain close friendship for a long time. In my opinion, the reason why Archie and Samad can remain friendship for long time because they experienced World War Ⅱ together. Normally, people get closer when they experience hard times and get over it together.
    Through the wartime, they also got some similarities.
    In my case, I served the military service with US Army guys. When I met them first, I felt uncomfortable because I had never worked with foreign people. Also they were racially different from me. The only thing that was similar was language. They spoke English and so did I. But in the end, I made a few good American friends. That is because whenever we experience some military training together, we sent hard times and formed a closer friendship.
    For these reasons, I think some troubles or hard times can make people get closer relationship easily. So that Archie and Samad could become best friends even though they are from far different countries.

    Reply
  16. Utkrista Malla

    Why do Samad’s children rebel against their father?

    Magid and Millat grow up in a society whose views are completely different than that of their father. In addition, considering the fact that his father is a waiter his whole life, it is only natural that his sons are against what he wants them to do. They don’t want to end up like his father—unaccepted and unsuccessful.

    Both of his sons grow up seeing his father being opposed by the society. For instance, despite Samad’s efforts, all his motions are declined during the school council meetings. The twins must have grown up watching their father get dismissed and disagreed upon time and time again. Even at their home, they saw Alsana constantly not agree with Samad and even throw a punch or two at him. It was only a matter of time until they started doing the same thing.

    However, I don’t believe Samad completely failed as a father. Magid grows up to become a scientist, just like Samad used to be. And, while it may be argued that Millat joined KEVIN for a completely different reason, his father’s persistence in Islam definitely had something to do with it.

    Reply
  17. Kim jae-won

    Q. why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?
    There are quite a lot of conflicts in this novel ‘White teeth’. The conflicts between white and black people, between English and India’s people, between men and women are butting. However, the people, they have a common feature. That is, they are same people who have emotions and personality regardless of their races or nationality. These days, despite of lots of human right movement, there are quite a lot of discriminations.
    The ‘Teeth’, I think that it symbolizes individual people’s rights which have to be respected. We have to respect other people’s rights, if we want to be respected from others. That’s very fair thing. This 21th century, of course, though it is advanced in culture compared with 20th century which Archie and other characters might live, we have to be considerate of others’ feeling in order to develop our country.

    Reply
  18. Ahn Min Jeong

    Q. why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    I think the title ‘white teeth’ means two things. The first one is white teeth means the characters have similarity even though they are different. In this novel, there are many characters and they are all different. Ethnically and racially they are different people. They have own skin colors, own countries that are different from each other. For example, Clara is a Jamaican and Samad was born in Bangladesh. Like this, the characters are very different, however, they have similarity that they have white teeth. Figuratively, I think white teeth is an identity that can make some different people to gather. So, in this novel, the different characters gather and become a family. It means even if they are different people, they can be one and family because they have white teeth, that is, an identity that can make people to gather.
    Another meaning is that they have similarity, but it also has differences. Every person has white teeth, but the shape of white teeth is different. Like this, the characters also have same identity, but it has a special feature as the characters are different. So, the meaning of the title of ‘white teeth’ means that even if the characters have different identity, they can gather and become a family regardless of race, ethnic group, and country.

    Reply
  19. Kim Yu jeong

    I think there is many reasons why she doesn’t like her husband. In the book, she said she liked Samad at first. She said it is because she liked samad’s handsome appearance. At first I didn’t think Samad was odd when I saw him during the war, but he later took drugs and tried to kill the French doctor sick. And Samad was always boasting his great-great-grandfather during the Sepoy Mutiny. It seemed to me that Samad had nothing to boast about himself, and this was the only thing he could boast about. And Samad not only didn’t quite nicely to his young wife, he had affairs with the school teacher of his children. When I saw problems which Samad has, I felt there was every reason she disliked her husband. I also felt that her personality wasn’t that good, but her husband seemed unreasonable. I don’t understand why she got married to Samad. In this book, we can know Alsana was attracted to Samad because of his good looking. But I wondered that did she really love him as much as she decided to marry him. I don’t know about romance, but I think marriage shouldn’t be decided solely by the appearance of someone. At least I thought I have to fit in with someone to marry someone. So, I think she must have made the wrong choice to marry him.

    Reply
  20. A Ra jo

    Samad is a Bangladeshi from Bengal. Because India was under the colonial rule of Great Britain, he had been slighted by other people in the world warⅡ where he met Archie. And he can’t use his right hand. He was biologist in the past, but now he is a waiter who serves in the British restaurant. He can’t be treated well even from his wife. Those his terrible situations make him be daunted and lower his self-esteem.
    On the other hand, his great-grandfather whose name is Mangal Pande, was a cool person, hero of Sepoy Mutiny in Indla who shot the first insurrectionary bullet. I think Samad is a person who want to be appriciated from others because he boasted about his achievement in Bangal army to Archie in the war. But his situations that he faced are not figure which he wants, so he can’t be satisfied with himself. This is why Samad be obsessed with his great-grandfather who was brave and famous in his family. I don’t think he would have been so attached to his great-grandfather if he had been satisfied with himself. I want Samad looks back into the past and tries to develop himself instead of being obsessed with his great-grandfather.

    Reply
  21. jong eun won

    10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?
    Archie determines suicide after he divorces. He is so indecisive that he makes choices on coins. But he decides to live a new life when talking to the butcher. That day he meets Clara at a party. She is a Jamaican woman who has no front teeth but she is very beautiful. They get married , overcoming the gap of age. After marriage, they have some difficulties and a child. The name of child is Irie. Irie ironically implies having no problems. But living in Britain as a child of Jamaican origin is so hard.
    The novel reveals conflicts between the foreigners in Britain. It shows the problems of multi-cultural issues and their pain and suffering. The reason why this novel is so interesting is that the main character this book is black. And the white teeth that are in contrast to the black skin are their symbols. That is, it symbolically represents the tragedy that black people experience as a stranger. So this novel shows the society of Enlish where many foreigners coexist and problem about that time.

    Reply
  22. JunYeong Park

    #1. How do Archie and Samad remain friends over the years when they are so different?

    Archie is from Britain and Samad is a Bangladeshi. Even though they have unfamiliar cultural background each other and nationality, they remain to be irreplaceable friends. The reason behind that special relationship arisen from their strong comradeship. During the World War 2, the two soldiers served military service in the same gun section and carried on war in the same tank. The two men witnessed other comrades around them and innocent civilians dying like flies under heavy fire. In the war, they must have suffered from severe pain mentally or physically. On top of that, the two friends had also suffered from physical wound, and that made their life harder.

    For these two men, race, status or life before they joined the army would not have been important. I think they just needed friends to console each other’s tired feelings and stick to the string of hope together. So, I think, when they met again in England after the war, the two could have remained friends because of the gratitude to the savior that supported them each other at that time. I could understand their friendship a little, because I was a gunner in the army in my military service like them. Of course, I did not experience real war, but I could know that what is the comradeship. Because of this, I could be immersed in this book and know why they have been friends for a long time.

    Reply
  23. Kang, Byung Hyun

    Why do Samad’s children rebel against their father?
    First of all I will have to mention Samad’s lifestyle. He’s pretentious and hypocritical. He wants his sons to believe and follow the rules of Muslim, however eats bacon and drink beer. The two sons might think weird at this point. And the point that no one except Archie listens to his voice, he seems to lack social skills. 18years he’s been to Britain but not any form of development hasn’t been seen inside him. No wonder why Millat and Magid doesn’t listen to his words no more.

    I think a son or a daughter learns the way to live the world through their parents. Furthermore, not only Samad but also Alsana has not shown the proper way of living to both Millat and Magid. While Magid being kidnapped to Bangladesh there was no scene where Alsana appeals that how she is sorry for him and relieve his son. She has a passive character. She does not try to act actively to solve the existing problem. But she becomes sulky to her husband by stop saying yes or no to him. Physical fight and the manner she treats Samad might have affected Millat negatively. But Samad is a poor character too. It kind of hurt when Samad feel something strange in his heart that Alsana started to say yes and no as a reply. I hope they could make up someday and live happily together.

    Reply
  24. lee ji won

    Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    In my opinion, mainly, the reasons why the writer named white teeth, because after the baby teeth, the permeant teeth grow up. As in the story characters’ problems were solved as forgiveness and reconciliation with each other accepted. The baby teeth are representing the families’ problem or racial problems, after the dropping of the baby teeth (forgiveness and reconciliation with each other) and then, finally the permeant teeth have grown up (the difference accepted).
    In the novel, I think the teeth refers two things. One is want to find new identity and another one is not losing identity. In the novel, Clara and Samad got different idea of their identity. For Clara, she wanted to change her life. In the story, after losing her teeth when she riding a motorcycle, she was awakened. She changed in to a sexy cloth and wants to change her whole life. And she kept using standard not regional English.
    For, Samad when smith tries to send Magid back to Bengali roots, he said that the first sign of tooth decay is something rotten, something degenerated~~the ropes one throws out to rescue drowning me, to save their soul.” As we can see on his attitude he didn’t want to change, even though his son wanted to do.

    Reply
  25. Kim Jung Yeon

    10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    In my opinion, teeth means his or her identity and whit teeth means an ideal or original identity.
    There could be understanding that although we all have different appearances and characters, we all have “white teeth”. I want to approach to this matter in a different way. At war, when a soldier dies, people check their identity by their teeth. That means every single person has a different shaped, sized and coloured teeth. This may be due to innate or acquired causes. Just like our identity is. Furthermore, white teeth can mean as an original identity which has not been changed or modified. As it is mentioned that black people died because of their white teeth, the unchanged identity as a black person caused their death.

    Additionally, as I was thinking about the meaning of identity and the crossing point with teeth, I thought that maybe Jadie Smith wanted to tell the readers not to live with white teeth,that is, a typical identity. Also, like our teeth is not composed of one tooth, a person’s identity is formed of many identities. For example, Archie has an identity as a father, a husband, a retired soldier, a friend of Samad, and so on.

    Because we have many identities, there is no point of being disappointed about losing one, and we don’t have to live with the same “white teeth”.

    Reply
  26. Seonghee Song

    10. Why do you think the novel is called White Teeth? What do teeth mean here?

    I think the novel is called White Teeth because the writer wants to emphasize and explain that there are aspects of humanity that are common to all humans and having white teeth is one of those. In this novel, Smith conveys internal thoughts and feelings of characters, and mostly these are characters who could be described as minority because of their ethnicity, background and religion. By focusing on these characters, the author explores the impact of multiculturalism and immigration on Britain and how a radically new and dissimilar society is being made.
    In my opinion, teeth mean a common aspect of humanity here. Since teeth are white no matter what a person’s race is. They are universal thing to everyone and can be found. Therefore, we can consider it as the aspect of humanity that unites all of us and go beyond the color of people’s skin and cultural differences that people impose on each other as a result of different ethnicity and culture. Thus, in this context, I think it symbolizes a universal symbol of humanity and this is a representative key word that helps the writer effectively deliver her intention, exploring multiculturalism and seeking to present a radically different view of contemporary Britain.

    Reply
  27. Chang Innae

    8.Why do you think the author decided that Irie would never know the father of her baby? What does it mean?

    When we see the characters in the novel, we can see that they were prejudced many times by the external factors, but they also have had prejudice from their internal factors. They knew that they were different from the ‘gerneal’ Englishmen. Their races differ from Bangladesh, Jamaica.etc. They are also aware of their roots, that is, where they’ve came from. So we can see that throughout the novel, Samad keeps talking about his great-grandfather, whom was a leading role in the rebellion. Clara’s mother Hortese misses her hometown, and so on.
    I thought that Irie now came to the point of getting angry about her parents not letting go of their past. Also, she may thought that a child shouldn’t be defined or transmitted of their parent’s religions, backgrounds. dreams, etc. I think Irie wanted her daughter to be nobody’s child, because then her daughter could be anyone, and not be bound to other people.

    Reply

Leave a Reply